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Florida Farm Commodities
Beef Cattle and Calves

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Florida cattle and calf prices rebounded in 1997 after a two-year free fall, lifting cash receipts to more than $312 million. Year-long average calf prices were $81.20 per hundred weight, an increase of more than $25 from the year before. Cow prices averaged $42.20 per CWT, nearly $10 more than 1996.

Floridas cattle numbers, however, continued to decline, but farmers still marketed over a million head for the fourth year in a row.

Florida remains ranked 10th nationally in the number of beef cows with more than a million head spread among 20,000 herds, some of which are the largest in the county. Florida ranks 4th nationally behind only Texas, Montana and Nebraska in number of herds with 500 or more brood cows. Florida has four of the nations 15 largest cattle ranches, including the largest in the country with more that 35,000 cows on more than 300 thousand acres.




Beef Cattle Inventory, Marketing and Cash Receipts

Year

Brood
Cows

Calf
Crop

Total Cows
and Calves

Number
Sold

Cash Receipts

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1,058,000

1,102,000

1,105,000

1,130,000

1,100,000

980,000

1,020,000

1,040,000

1,060,000

1,020,000

2,038,000

2,102,000

2,145,000

2,047,000

2,000,000

1,022,000

1,033,000

1,057,000

1,017,000

980,000

$312,828,000

$217,008,000

$289,802,000

$335,837,000

$362,497,000

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

1987

1,075,000

1,066,000

1,086,000

1,083,000

1,081,000

1,191,000

1,000,000

980,000

1,000,000

1,000,000

1,050,000

1,040,000

2,075,000

2,045,000

2,086,000

2,083,000

2,131,000

2,231,000

980,000

933,000

1,005,000

1,007,000

1,069,000

1,206,000

$349,477,000

$363,351,000

$362,495,000

$359,986,000

$386,352,000

$387,883,000

1986

1985

1984

1980

1975

1,134,000

1,191,000

1,222,000

1,357,000

1,670,000

1,100,000

1,030,000

1,050,000

1,140,000

1,250,000

2,234,000

2,221,000

2,272,000

2,497,000

2,920,000

1,054,000

1,083,000

1,162,000

915,000

1,214,000

$272,920,000

$334,247,000

$373,133,000

$347,000,000

$185,639,000

1970

1965

1960

1955

1950

1,230,000

1,084,000

741,000

1,001,000

700,000

1,000,000

813,000

601,000

661,000

434,000

2,230,000

1,897,000

1,344,000

1,662,000

1,234,000

1,005,000

467,630

636,000

711,000

330,000

$153,811,000

$82,765,000

$67,151,000

$41,273,000

$33,108,000

1945

1940

1935

1930

1925

628,000

451,000

416,000

328,000

391,000

409,000

248,000

237,000

176,000

184,000

1,037,000

699,000

653,000

504,000

575,000

316,000

152,000

181,000

102,000

89,000

$15,601,000

$5,168,000

$3,187,000

$1,803,000

$2,331,000




Florida Beef Cattle Inventory --- January 1998

Rank

County

Beef Cows

Calves and Others

Total Beef Cattle

1

2

3

4

5

Okeechobee

Highlands

Hendry

Osceola

Polk

65,000

68,000

56,000

70,000

58,000

54,000

42,500

44,000

28,000

44,800

119,000

110,500

100,000

98,000

92,800

6

7

8

9

10

DeSoto

Hardee

Glades

Manatee

Hillsborough

48,000

51,000

38,000

35,000

35,000

37,000

30,200

34,000

28,900

28,600

85,000

81,200

72,000

63,900

63,600

11T

11T

13

14

15

Marion

Sumter

Alachua

Levy

Pasco

27,000

29,000

27,000

23,000

22,000

24,000

19,000

17,200

14,600

13,900

48,000

48,000

44,200

37,600

35,900

16

17

18

19

20

St. Lucie

Jackson

Lake

Brevard

Suwannee

22,000

16,000

18,000

16,000

17,000

13,000

15,800

12,400

14,000

12,600

35,000

31,800

30,400

30,000

29,600

21

22

23

24

25

Martin

Charlotte

Sarasota

Indian River

Columbia

16,000

18,000

16,000

13,000

13,000

12,100

9,000

10,000

9,000

8,000

28,800

27,000

26,000

22,000

21,000

26T

26T

28

29

30

Madison

Gilchrist

Hernando

Broward

Orange

11,000

9,000

10,000

5,000

11,000

8,000

10,000

16,400

11,000

4,000

19,000

19,000

16,400

16,000

15,000

31

32T

32T

34

35

Holmes

Lee

Volusia

Jefferson

Walton

8,000

9,000

8,000

7,000

5,000

6,800

7,000

6,000

6,000

7,000

14,800

14,000

14,000

13,000

12,000

36T

36T

38

39T

39T

Union

Lafayette

Duval

Bradford

Collier

8,000

4,000

4,000

6,000

7,000

3,000

7,000

6,200

4,000

3,000

11,000

11,000

10,200

10,000

10,000

39T

39T

43T

43T

43T

Citrus

Putnam

Nassau

Hamilton

Washington

7,000

6,000

3,500

6,000

4,500

3,000

4,000

5,500

3,000

4,500

10,000

10,000

9,000

9,000

9,000

43T

46

47

48T

48T

Palm Beach

Clay

Santa Rosa

Leon

Seminole

3,000

3,000

4,000

2,500

5,500

3,000

4,900

3,500

4,500

1,500

9,000

7,900

7,500

7,000

7,000

50

51T

51T

51T

51T

Escambia

Taylor

Flagler

Okaloosa

Gadsden

3,500

3,500

5,000

3,000

5,000

3,400

2,500

1,000

3,000

1,000

6,900

6,000

6,000

6,000

6,000

55

56T

56T

56T

56T

Baker

Calhoun

Dade

St. Johns

Dixie

2,000

2,500

3,000

3,500

2,000

3,500

2,500

2,000

1,500

3,000

5,500

5,000

5,000

5,000

5,000

59T

59T

Liberty

Wakulla

1,000

1,000

500

500

1,500

1,500

----- Others* 1,000 1,000 2,000
----- State 1,050,000 705,000 1,870,000

* Other counties include Franklin, Gulf, Monroe, Pinellas, and Bay.
** Calves & Others includes calves, bulls, steers and replacement heifers.
Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service



Florida Feeder Calves --- Major Destinations

Florida Feeder Calves---Major Destinations

Florida Cattle Facts
  • On January 1, 1998, Florida ranked second to Kentucky among states east of the Mississippi River, and 10th nationally in the number of beef brood cows with 1,050,000 head.
  • Florida ranchers shipped 485,236 feeder calves to markets outside the state in 1997, with 184,263 (3 8 percent) going to Texas.
  • Okeechobee is the states leading beef cattle county with 119,000 head on January 1, 1998.


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