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Florida Farm Commodities
Citrus Juice

Florida Agricultural Facts 1998 Edition

Florida ranked second only to Brazil as the worlds leading producer of citrus juice in 1996-97, squeezing out more than 1.5 billion gallons.

Orange juice made up more than 89 percent of all Florida citrus juice in 1996-97. Florida turned 96 percent of the states 244-million-box orange crop into more than 900 million gallons of single strength equivalent concentrate (FCOJ), more than 400 million gallons of chilled juice and more than 1.0 million gallons of canned juice.

Grapefruit accounted for more than 140 million gallons of juice, and tangerines made up a little over 9.5 million gallons.

Citrus juice processing produced another million tons of pulp for animal feed, 23,579 tons of molasses and more than 30 million pounds of citrus flavoring.




Florida Citrus Juice Production (Single-Strength Equivalent)

Crop Year

Orange
(gallons)

Grapefruit (gallons)

Tangerine (gallons)

Total Gallons

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

1,368,533,217

1,204,812,000

1,194,419,448

1,041,058,205

1,110,496,470

158,911,986

141,899,789

156,268,123

136,549,535

151,999,381

9,545,972

7,880,000

4,766,907

2,117,208

1,316,227

1,536,991,175

1,351,478,696

1,355,454,478

1,179,724,948

1,263,812,078

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

791,263,085

820,215,219

523,853,257

858,814,005

801,942,080

82,984,664

105,673,475

102,096,418

153,704,053

154,175,922

1,180,774

1,109,182

1,476,771

1,972,018

2,321,068

875,428,523

926,997,876

627,426,446

957,122,904

1,014,490,076



By-Products of Citrus Juice Processing

Crop Year

Pulp and Meal (ton)

Molasses (ton)

D-Limonene (pound)

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

1,070,650

928,672

941,241

832,250

873,714

23,579

27,295

26,171

25,481

30,927

32,367,500

25,268,058

25,888,651

19,548,481

19,830,922

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

636,635

700,860

597,617

770,417

697,124

23,828

27,427

28,403

24,275

30,248

14,493,036

15,489,732

15,138,111

19,131,638

14,563,104

Source: Florida Juice Processors Association



Processed Utilization of Florida Citrus Crop

Oranges

Crop Year

Total Boxes

Produced

Processed

For Juice

Percent

Processed

Total

Gallons*

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

228,600,000

203,200,000

205,400,000

174,200,000

186,500,000

219,700,683

193,232,000

198,376,000

167,489,000

174,937,000

96.0

95.1

96.5

96.1

93.8

1,368,533,217

1,204,812,000

1,194,419,488

1,041,058,205

1,110,496,470

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

139,800,000

151,600,000

110,200,000

146,600,000

138,000,000

129,515,000

140,620,000

105,335,000

141,075,000

130,615,000

92.6

92.7

95.5

96.2

94.6

791,263,085

820,215,219

523,853,257

858,814,005

801,942,080


Grapefruit

Crop Year

Total Boxes Produced

Processed For Juice

Percent Processed

Total Gallons*

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

55,800,000

52,350,000

55,700,000

51,050,000

55,150,000

32,260,598

29,500,000

33,203,000

28,324,000

31,600,950

58.0

56.3

59.6

55.5

57.3

158,911,986

141,900,000

156,268,123

136,549,535

151,999,381

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

42,400,000

45,100,000

35,700,000

54,750,000

53,850,000

19,102,000

20,359,000

21,646,000

29,957,000

29,877,000

45.0

45.1

60.6

54.7

55.4

82,984,664

105,673,475

102,096,418

153,704,053

154,175,922


Tangerines

Crop Year

Total Boxes Produced

Processed For Juice

Percent Processed

Total Gallons*

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

6,300,000

4,500,000

3,550,000

4,100,000

2,800,000

1,470,178

1,356,000

821,651

335,079

187,227

23.0

30.1

20.4

8.2

6.6

9,545,972

7,880,000

4,766,907

2,117,208

1,316,227

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

2,600,000

1.950,000

1,700,000

2,900,000

2,450,000

207,367

214,570

308,521

371,177

429,098

7.9

11.0

18.1

12.7

17.5

1,180,774

1,109,182

1,476,771

1,972,018

2,321,068

* Single Strength Equivalent
Source: Florida Juice Processors Association



Juice Utilization of Florida Citrus Crop

Oranges

Crop Year

Concentrate (gallons*)

Chilled (gallons)

Canned (gallons)

Total Gallons*

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

967,200,000

809,412,000

866,008,000

728,922,478

834,647,472

400,279,441

394,000,000

326,657,593

311,120,167

273,735,160

1,053,776

1,400,000

1,753,964

1,015,290

2,113,838

1,368,533,217

1,204,812,000

1,194,419,447

1,041,058,205

1,110,496,470

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

578,777,410

602,555,315

359,336,206

695,374,344

676,491,998

207,258,698

211,902,606

158,280,779

152,125,571

119,347,347

5,226,977

5,757,298

6,236,272

11,314,150

6,102,735

791,163,085

820,215,219

523,853,257

858,814,005

801,942,080


Grapefruit

Crop Year

Concentrate (gallons*)

Chilled (gallons)

Canned (gallons)

Total Gallons

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

120,128,000

108,300,000

125,379,252

105,941,516

126,107,372

37,208,921

31,899,789

29,309,905

29,306,667

23,086,352

1,575,065

1,700,000

1,588,966

1,301,252

2,805,657

158,911,986

141,899,789

156,268,123

136,549,435

151,999,381

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

64,074,720

85,936,356

86,660,133

128,240,008

126,983,888

12,604,377

11,125,183

5,706,930

8,990,185

5,713,006

6,305,567

8,611,936

9,729,355

16,473,860

21,479,028

82,984,664

105,673,475

102,096,418

153,704,053

154,175,922

* Single Strength Equivalent
Source: Florida Juice Processors Association



Citrus Juice Facts
  • Scientists at the Florida Department of Citrus invented frozen concentrated orange juice in 1945. In 1948, the department gave the patent for the process to the U.S. Government, helping to make the entire frozen concentrate industry commercially viable.
  • Brazil, Florida and Mexico (in that order) are the worlds top three producers of orange juice.
  • More than 96 percent of all the oranges grown in Florida in 1996-97 were processed into orange juice. Florida produced more than one billion gallons of single strength equivalent orange juice.


World Citrus Production --- 1996-97
(Metric Tons**)

Country

Oranges

Grapefruit

Lemons

Tangerines

Argentina

Australia

Brazil

China

Cuba

670,000

544,000

18,366,000

1,836,000

350,000

200,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

230 000

750,000

- - - - - -

73,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

320,000

- - - - - -

590,000

5,857,000

- - - - -

Cyprus

Egypt

Gaza Strip

Greece

Israel

165,000

1,608,000

87,000

900,000

472,000

90,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

395,000

90,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

395,000

- - - - - -

258,000

- - - - - -

80,000

125,000

Italy

Japan

Mexico

Morocco

South Africa

1,515,000

- - - - - - -

2,800,000

780,000

970,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

150,000

- - - - - -

177,000

610,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

74,000

460,000

1,487,000

170,000

330,000

- - - - - -

South Korea

Spain

Turkey

United States

- - - - - - -

2,146,000

1,008,000

11,399,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

80,000

2,780,000

- - - - - -

433,000

450,000

896,000

480,000

1,410,000

520,000

531,000

Totals 45,602,000 4,102,000 3,448,000 12,618,000

** Metric ton equals 2,204.6 pounds
Source: USDA



U. S. Per Capita Citrus Consumption

Crop Year

Fresh Fruit (pound)

Juice (gallons)

 

Oranges

Grapefruit

Tangerines

Others

Total

Orange

Others

Total

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

12.7

12.2

13.1

14.2

12.9

8.5

5.8

6.1

6.0

6.2

6.0

5.9

2.2

2.0

2.1

1.9

1.9

1.4

4.0

4.1

3.7

3.6

3.5

3.4

24.7

24.4

24.9

26.0

24.4

19.1

5.2

5.5

5.4

5.1

4.3

4.8

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.5

0.5

0.6

6.1

6.3

6.1

5.6

4.9

5.4

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

1986-87

1985-86

12.4

12.5

13.9

12.8

13.4

5.0

7.5

6.6

6.3

6.1

1.0

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.1

3.7

3.8

3.6

3.6

3.6

22.1

25.1

25.4

24.0

24.3

4.2

5.0

5.0

5.2

5.0

0.5

0.8

0.5

0.9

0.6

4.7

5.8

5.5

6.1

5.6

Source: USDA



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