www.fl-ag.com
Florida Farm Commodities
Livestock

Florida Agricultural Facts, 1998 Edition

Floridas livestock industry had gross cash receipts of more than $1.2 billion in 1997, an increase of $48.4 million from 1996.

Milk sales at $408 million remained the largest contributor to gross receipts. However, receipts from milk sales were down from 1996 by $23 million. Cattle and calf sales brought in almost $313 million, up $94 million from the previous year. Chickens and egg receipts in 1997 were $353 million, down from $363 million in 1996.

Hog receipts in 1997 were $11.9 million, a decrease from 1996 of $2.6 million. Honey receipts were $12 million, a decrease of $9.9 million from 1996. Other livestock such as horses, goats, sheep and aquaculture products brought $151 million, down less that $1 million in 1996.




Livestock and Products Cash Receipts

Year

Milk

Cattle & Calves

Chickens & Eggs

Hogs

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

$407,880,000

$431,280,000

$363,528,000

$408,408,000

$385,503,000

$312,828,000

$217,008,000

$289,802,000

$335,836,000

$362,495,000

$353,128,000

$353,811,000

$314,537,000

$290,905,000

$298,121,000

$11,883,000

$14,441,000

$11,581,000

$12,399,000

$15,106,000

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

$401,700,000

$372,947,000

$421,007,000

$387,960,000

$355,680,000

$343,168,000

$363,351,000

$390,561,000

$356,668,000

$391,171,000

$259,678,000

$276,398,000

$276,398,000

$308,032,000

$253,446,000

$13,126,000

$17,304,000

$20,558,000

$19,010,000

$19,024,000



U. S. Per Capita Consumption of Meat-Fish-Eggs (Retail Pound)

Year

Beef

Veal

Pork

Lamb

Chicken

Turkey

Fish

Eggs

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

64.2

64.0

63.6

61.5

62.8

63.1

1.0

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

49.0

49.2

49.5

48.9

49.5

46.9

0.9

0.9

0.9

1.0

1.0

1.0

49.8

48.8

49.3

48.5

46.7

44.2

14.5

14.1

14.1

14.1

14.2

14.1

14.9

14.9

15.1

14.9

14.7

14.8

237

236

239

236

235

234

1990

1989

1988

1987

1986

64.0

65.4

68.6

69.5

74.7

0.9

1.0

1.3

1.6

1.5

46.4

48.4

48.8

45.6

45.2

1.0

1.1

1.0

1.0

1.0

42.5

40.5

39.3

37.0

36.1

13.8

13.1

12.4

11.6

10.2

15.0

15.6

15.1

16.1

15.4

234

236

246

254

254

1980

1970

72.1

79.8

1.3

2.0

52.1

48.3

1.0

2.1

32.5

27.4

8.1

6.4

12.4

11.7

271

309

Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service


Beef Cattle and Calves    wpe1.jpg (2562 bytes)

Florida cattle and calf prices rebounded in 1997 after a two-year free fall, lifting cash receipts to more than $312 million. Year-long average calf prices were $81.20 per hundred weight, an increase of more than $25 from the year before. Cow prices averaged $42.20 per CWT, nearly $10 more than 1996.

Floridas cattle numbers, however, continued to decline, but farmers still marketed over a million head for the fourth year in a row.

Florida remains ranked 10th nationally in the number of beef cows with more than a million head spread among 20,000 herds, some of which are the largest in the county. Florida ranks 4th nationally behind only Texas, Montana and Nebraska in number of herds with 500 or more brood cows. Florida has four of the nations 15 largest cattle ranches, including the largest in the country with more that 35,000 cows on more than 300 thousand acres.


Beef Cattle Inventory, Marketing and Cash Receipts

 

Year

Brood
Cows

Calf
Crop

Total Cows
and Calves

Number
Sold

Cash Receipts

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1,058,000

1,102,000

1,105,000

1,130,000

1,100,000

980,000

1,020,000

1,040,000

1,060,000

1,020,000

2,038,000

2,102,000

2,145,000

2,047,000

2,000,000

1,022,000

1,033,000

1,057,000

1,017,000

980,000

$312,828,000

$217,008,000

$289,802,000

$335,837,000

$362,497,000

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

1987

1,075,000

1,066,000

1,086,000

1,083,000

1,081,000

1,191,000

1,000,000

980,000

1,000,000

1,000,000

1,050,000

1,040,000

2,075,000

2,045,000

2,086,000

2,083,000

2,131,000

2,231,000

980,000

933,000

1,005,000

1,007,000

1,069,000

1,206,000

$349,477,000

$363,351,000

$362,495,000

$359,986,000

$386,352,000

$387,883,000

1986

1985

1984

1980

1975

1,134,000

1,191,000

1,222,000

1,357,000

1,670,000

1,100,000

1,030,000

1,050,000

1,140,000

1,250,000

2,234,000

2,221,000

2,272,000

2,497,000

2,920,000

1,054,000

1,083,000

1,162,000

915,000

1,214,000

$272,920,000

$334,247,000

$373,133,000

$347,000,000

$185,639,000

1970

1965

1960

1955

1950

1,230,000

1,084,000

741,000

1,001,000

700,000

1,000,000

813,000

601,000

661,000

434,000

2,230,000

1,897,000

1,344,000

1,662,000

1,234,000

1,005,000

467,630

636,000

711,000

330,000

$153,811,000

$82,765,000

$67,151,000

$41,273,000

$33,108,000

1945

1940

1935

1930

1925

628,000

451,000

416,000

328,000

391,000

409,000

248,000

237,000

176,000

184,000

1,037,000

699,000

653,000

504,000

575,000

316,000

152,000

181,000

102,000

89,000

$15,601,000

$5,168,000

$3,187,000

$1,803,000

$2,331,000


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service

Honey

Floridas honey crop slumped sharply in 1997. Plagued by bad weather, Varroa mites and flooding, the sunshine state dropped to third behind California and North Dakota after bounding to the top after a record year in 1996.

The 1997 production dropped by 36 percent to only 16 million pounds.

The average yield per colony was only 60 pounds in 1997, falling from a record 105 pounds in 1996, and the lowest level since 1987. Florida producers received an average 73 cents per pound, down from 86 cents the previous year. The value was only $11.7 million, down from the record $21.7 million in 1996.

There are about 1,500 commercial beekeepers with 240,000 colonies in Florida, and

another 5,000 "hobby" beekeepers with five or less "backyard" colonies.

Production and Value of Florida Honey

Year

Colonies

Production (pounds)

Price (pound)

Crop Value

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

240,000

240,000

230,000

230,000

200,000

16,080,000

25,200,000

19,780,000

19,320,000

22,600,000

.73

.86

.64

.47

.50

$11,738,000

$21,672,000

$12,659,000

$9,080,000

$11,300,000

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

220,000

25,000

220,200

250,000

240,000

22,880,000

18,675,000

20,900,000

5,000,000

25,200,000

.5

.53

.48

.48

.51

$12,126,000

$9,898,000

$10,332,000

$7,200,000

$12,852,000

1980

1970

1960

350,000

364,000

277,000

20,300,000

25,116,000

19,390,000

.52

.16

.18

$10,556,000

$4,019,000

$3,490,000


Leading Honey Producing States --- 1997

State

Colonies

Production (pounds)

Price (pound)

Crop Value

California

North Dakota

Florida

South Dakota

Montana

400,000

245,000

240,000

240,000

107,000

30,000,000

24,500,000

16,080,000

15,600,000

12,840,000

.70

.74

.73

.74

.74

$21,000,000

$18,130,000

$11,738,000

$11,544,000

$9,502,000

U.S. Total

2,579,000

192,393,000

.75

$144,680,000

Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service



Horses

Florida is home to more than 130,000 horse owners, who own nearly 350,000 horses valued in excess of $600 million.

Virtually every horse breed in the world is represented in Florida, led by Thoroughbreds, Quarter Horses and Arabians.

The Florida horse industry creates more than 70,000 jobs and generates a direct and indirect payroll in excess of $1 billion.

Florida horsemen spend more than $1.2 billion in annual maintenance costs, including $185 million on feed; more than $80 million on veterinary fees, medicine and supplies; $65 million on blacksmith; $90 million on tack; $68 million on insurance coverage; and $40 million on barn utilities.

Florida-bred horses rank second only to Kentucky in North America in the amount of purse money and stakes races won.

The Florida Thoroughbred breeding industry over the years has produced 39 North American champions, 47 equine millionaires, 16 Breeders Cup and 13 Classic winners, including Triple Crown winner Affirmed in 1978.

In 1996, Florida-breds won 330 stakes races, including 110 graded stakes, and banked in excess of $130 million in purse money.

Florida-breds Jewel Princess and Skip Away each garnered 1996 Eclipse Award championship titles. Jewel Princess was the champion older female and Skip Away was crowned the champion 3-year old colt.

The Ocala area ranks as the worlds fourth largest breeding and training area, behind Lexington, Ky.; Newmarket, England; and Chantilly, France. Florida overtook California in 1996 to become the nations second largest producer of registered Thoroughbred foals.

Florida Horse Population

Year

Number Owners

Grade Horses

Registered Horses

Total Horses

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

1987

129,803

128,187

124,828

121,469

119,819

115,979

114,490

117,258

116,969

116,398

171,551

169,667

165,060

160,535

155,928

155,875

153,875

157,594

151,591

150,852

177,017

176,799

175,222

174,611

173,034

168,865

166,698

170,727

164,224

163,423

348,568

346,466

340,282

335,146

328,962

324,740

320,576

328,321

315,815

314,275

Sources: U.S. Equine Marketing Association and Florida Thoroughbred Association



Swine

Florida hog inventories continue to decline to all-time lows; and despite a slight increase in prices, value slipped to its second lowest since 1960. Total receipts for hogs in 1997 slipped to $11.8 million, down 18 percent from a year earlier.

Swine Marketing and Cash Receipts

Year

Number Sold

Liveweight

Price (per cwt)

Cash Receipts

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

137,000

175,000

194,000

186,000

218,000

25,641,000

30,537,000

31,227,000

31,532,000

36,680,000

$45.20

$45.10

$34.20

$37.60

$39.80

$11,883,000

$14,441,000

$11,581,000

$11,899,000

$15,106,000

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

209,000

228,000

238,000

276,000

280,000

34,330,000

38,010,000

39,410,000

48,600,000

48,150,000

$36.60

$43.10

$49.30

$38.20

$38.30

$13,126,000

$17,304,000

$20,558,000

$19,010,000

$19,024,000

1980

1970

1960

684,000

438,000

341,000

143,203,000

83,170,000

74,104,000

$37.00

$21.90

$14.80

$53,076,000

$17,,563,000

$11,096,000



Swine Inventory and Pig Crop

Year

Market Hogs

Number Sows

Pig Crop

Total Number

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

65,000

85,000

100,000

100,000

115,000

18,000

23,000

26,000

28,000

30,000

131,000

161,000

188,000

197,000

218,000

214,000

269,000

314,000

325,000

363,000

1992

1991

1990

1989

1988

135,000

130,000

140,000

140,000

150,000

29,000

35,000

33,000

39,000

42,000

197,000

248,000

229,000

296,000

289,000

361,000

413,000

402,000

475,000

481,000

1980

1970

1960

425,000

374,000

401,000

76,000

76,000

79,000

676,000

535,000

537,000

1,177,000

985,000

1,017,000

Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service



Return to Florida Agricultural Facts Book
Return to Florida Agricultural Statistics Service
Return to www.fl-ag.com