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Florida Farm Commodities
Citrus Juice

Florida Farm Commodities

Florida juice processors used the record crop of 244 million boxes of oranges to produce a record of more than 1.4 billion gallons of single-strength equivalent orange juice in 1997-98. It was an increase of 7.28 percent over the previous season.

The record OJ production more than off set declines in grapefruit and tangerine production on the way to the record 1.6 billion gallons of citrus juice, an increase of 4.6 percent. The production of grapefruit juice fell 15 percent, and tangerine production declined a whopping 30 percent.

Processors turned 96.5 percent of the record orange crop into juice. They used only 56.1 percent of the grapefruit crop and only 17.8 percent of the tangerine crop.

They also produced more than 1.1 million tons citrus pulp for livestock feed, and more than 28 thousand tons of molasses and more than 34 million pounds of citrus flavoring for blended drinks.




Florida Citrus Juice Production (Single-Strength Equivalent)

Crop Year

Orange (gallons)

Grapefruit (gallons)

Tangerine (gallons)

Total Gallons

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

1,468,296,255

1,368,533,217

1,204,812,000

1,194,419,448

1,041,058,205

1,110,496,470

134,779,719

158,911,986

141,899,789

156,268,123

136,549,535

151,999,381

5,845,816

9,545,972

7,880,000

4,766,907

2,117,208

1,316,227

1,608,921,790

1,536,991,175

1,351,478,696

1,355,454,478

1,179,724,948

1,263,812,078

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

791,263,085

820,215,219

523,853,257

858,814,005

82,984,664

105,673,475

102,096,418

153,704,053

1,180,774

1,109,182

1,476,771

1,972,018

875,428,523

926,997,876

627,426,446

957,122,904



By-Products of Citrus Juice Processing

Crop Year

Pulp and Meal (ton)

Molasses (ton)

D-Limonene (pound)

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1,139,424

1,070,650

928,672

941,241

832,250

28,344

23,579

27,295

26,171

25,481

34,805,000

32,367,500

25,268,058

25,888,651

19,548,481

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

873,714

636,635

700,860

597,617

770,417

30,927

23,828

27,427

28,403

24,275

19,830,922

14,493,036

15,489,732

15,138,111

19,131,638

Source: Florida Juice Processors Association
Processed Utilization of Florida Citrus Crop

Oranges

Crop Year

Total Boxes Produced

Processed For Juice

Percent Processed

Total Gallons*

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

244,000,000

228,600,000

203,200,000

205,400,000

174,200,000

235,631,799

219,700,683

193,232,000

198,376,000

167,489,000

96.5

96.0

95.1

96.5

96.1

1,468,296,255

1,368,533,217

1,204,812,000

1,194,419,488

1,041,058,205

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

186,500,000

139,800,000

151,600,000

110,200,000

146,600,000

174,937,000

129,515,000

140,620,000

105,335,000

141,075,000

93.8

92.6

92.7

95.5

96.2

1,110,496,470

791,263,085

820,215,219

523,853,257

858,814,005

 

Grapefruit

 

Crop Year

Total Boxes Produced

Processed For Juice

Percent Processed

Total Gallons*

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

49,550,000

55,800,000

52,350,000

55,700,000

51,050,000

27,802,929

32,260,598

29,500,000

33,203,000

28,324,000

56.1

58.0

56.3

59.6

55.5

134,779,719

158,911,986

141,900,000

156,268,123

136,549,535

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

55,150,000

42,400,000

45,100,000

35,700,000

54,750,000

31,600,950

19,102,000

20,359,000

21,646,000

29,957,000

57.3

45.0

45.1

60.6

54.7

151,999,381

82,984,664

105,673,475

102,096,418

153,704,053

 

Tangerines

 

Crop Year

Total Boxes Produced

Processed For Juice

Percent Processed

Total Gallons*

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

5,200,000

6,300,000

4,500,000

3,550,000

4,100,000

928,963

1,470,178

1,356,000

821,651

335,079

17.8

23.0

30.1

20.4

8.2

5,845,816

9,545,972

7,880,000

4,766,907

2,117,208

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

2,800,000

2,600,000

1.950,000

1,700,000

2,900,000

187,227

207,367

214,570

308,521

371,177

6.6

7.9

11.0

18.1

12.7

1,316,227

1,180,774

1,109,182

1,476,771

1,972,018

* Single Strength Equivalent
Source: Florida Juice Processors Association

Juice Utilization of Florida Citrus Crop

Oranges

Crop Year

Concentrate (gallons*)

Chilled (gallons)

Canned (gallons)

Total Gallons*

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1,014,935,680

967,200,000

809,412,000

866,008,000

728,922,478

452,074,017

400,279,441

394,000,000

326,657,593

311,120,167

1,286,558

1,053,776

1,400,000

1,753,964

1,015,290

1,468,296,255

1,368,533,217

1,204,812,000

1,194,419,447

1,041,058,205

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

834,647,472

578,777,410

602,555,315

359,336,206

695,374,344

273,735,160

207,258,698

211,902,606

158,280,779

152,125,571

2,113,838

5,226,977

5,757,298

6,236,272

11,314,150

1,110,496,470

791,163,085

820,215,219

523,853,257

858,814,005


Grapefruit
 

Crop Year

Concentrate (gallons*)

Chilled (gallons)

Canned (gallons)

Total Gallons

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

96,892,664

120,128,000

108,300,000

125,379,252

105,941,516

36,295,180

37,208,921

31,899,789

29,309,905

29,306,667

1,591,875

1,575,065

1,700,000

1,588,966

1,301,252

134,779,719

158,911,986

141,899,789

156,268,123

136,549,435

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

126,107,372

64,074,720

85,936,356

86,660,133

128,240,008

23,086,352

12,604,377

11,125,183

5,706,930

8,990,185

2,805,657

6,305,567

8,611,936

9,729,355

16,473,860

151,999,381

82,984,664

105,673,475

102,096,418

153,704,053

* Single Strength Equivalent
Source: Florida Juice Processors Association

Citrus Juice Facts Citrus Juice Facts
  • Scientists at the Florida Department of Citrus invented frozen concentrated orange juice in 1945. In 1948, the department gave the patent for the process to the U.S. Government, helping to make the entire frozen concentrate industry commercially viable.
  • Brazil, Florida and Mexico (in that order) are the worlds top three producers of orange juice.
  • More than 96 percent of all the oranges grown in Florida in 1996-97 were processed into orange juice. Florida produced more than one billion gallons of single strength equivalent orange juice.


World Citrus Production --- 1997-98
(Metric Tons**)
 
Country

Oranges

Grapefruit

Lemons

Tangerines

Argentina

Australia

Brazil

China

Cuba

770,000

369,000

15,014,000

2,086,000

480,000

230,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

300,000

980,000

- - - - - -

75,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

300,000

- - - - - -

753,000

6,250,000

- - - - - -

Cyprus

Egypt

Gaza Strip

Greece

Israel

150,000

1,370,000

73,000

960,000

400,000

80,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

352,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

150,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

455,000

- - - - - -

84,000

125,000

Italy

Japan

Mexico

Morocco

South Africa

2,000,000

- - - - - - -

3,700,000

1,120,000

970,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

245,000

- - - - - -

177,000

600,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

74,000

540,000

1,773,000

270,000

420,000

- - - - - -

South Korea

Spain

Turkey

United States

- - - - - - -

2,614,000

750,000

12,829,000

- - - - - -

- - - - - -

55,000

2,485,000

- - - - - -

433,000

250,646

848,000

651,000

1,850,000

360,000

440,000

Totals

45,655,000

3,924,000

3,621,000

14,266,000

** Metric ton equals 2,204.6 pounds
Source: USDA


U. S. Per Capita Citrus Consumption
 

Crop Year

Fresh Fruit (pound)

Juice (gallons)

Oranges

Grapefruit

Tangerines

Others

Total

Orange

Others

Total

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

1991-92

14.0

12.7

12.2

13.1

14.2

12.9

6.3

5.8

6.1

6.0

6.2

6.0

2.5

2.2

2.0

2.1

1.9

1.9

4.0

4.0

4.1

3.7

3.6

3.5

26.8

24.7

24.4

24.9

26.0

24.4

5.4

5.2

5.5

5.4

5.1

4.3

0.8

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.5

0.5

6.2

6.1

6.3

6.1

5.6

4.9

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

1987-88

1986-87

8.5

12.4

12.5

13.9

12.8

5.9

5.0

7.5

6.6

6.3

1.4

1.0

1.3

1.3

1.3

3.4

3.7

3.8

3.6

3.6

19.1

22.1

25.1

25.4

24.0

4.8

4.2

5.0

5.0

5.2

0.6

0.5

0.8

0.5

0.9

5.4

4.7

5.8

5.5

6.1

Source: USDA

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