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Florida Farm Commodities
Vegetables, Melons and Berries

Florida Farm Commodities

Boosted by record prices for snap beans, Bell peppers, squash and strawberries; Florida vegetable farmers continued their slow recovery from mid-90s disaster prices with sales of more than $1.680 billion in 1997-98.

It was a modest increase in overall sales of $72.8 million (4.5 percent) over 1996-97, and was the third straight seasonal increase since prices bottomed out in 1994 with the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Price increases, ranging from 47 percent for squash to 20 percent for snap beans, more than offset declines or meager gains in the 11 other major commodities.

Bell pepper sales reached a record $272 million in 1997-98 after prices jumped 38 percent to a record $13.63 for a 28-pound bushel, surpassing the previous record of $12.09 in 1990-91. The $53 million increase in value (24 percent) topped the previous sales record of $219 million set the previous season. Pepper value has increased $87 million in the last three seasons, a jump of 47 percent.

Snap bean yields per acre, production, price and value all reached record highs in 1997-98. The value more than doubled to $127 million, an increase of 108 percent over the previous season sales of $61 million, and topped the old record of $79 million in 1995-96. The price increase of $2.95 a bushel brought bean farmers a record $17.66 for a 30-pound bushel, a gain of 20 percent over the $14.71 previous season. Boosted by an 11 percent increase in harvested acreage and a record yield of 215 bushel per acre, production rose 73 percent, from 4.1 million bushels in 1996-97 to 7.2 million bushels in 1997-98. The previous production record had been 5.6 million bushels in 1991-92.

Coupled with a 15 percent boost in harvested acreage and the record price, squash value rose to $54 million in 1997-98, an increase of 50 percent over the $36 million in sales the previous season. Prices increased by $5.44 for a 42-pound bushel, from $11.66 to $17.10, an increase of 47 percent. Both prices and value surpassed previous records of $13.54 a bushel in 1995-96 and the $50 million value in 1990-91.

Strawberry prices and value both broke records for the second straight year, reaching a price of $12 for a 12-pound flat, an increase of 21 percent over the $9.91 the previous season, and sales of $161 million, a 10 percent increase over the previous season sales of $146 million. Strawberry sales have jumped $87 million in the last 10 seasons, an increase of 118 percent.

The value of sales for tomatoes, potatoes, watermelons, radishes, eggplant, escarole, and blueberries all had modest gains in 1997-98; while sweet corn, cucumbers, cabbage and carrots all showed a slight decline.



Vegetable Production and Value --- 1997-98 Crop Year

Crop

Harvested Acres

Production (pounds)

Crop Value

Tomatoes

Bell Peppers

Strawberries

Potatoes

Beans (Snap)

40,400

18,800

6,200

42,500

33,700

1,380,100,000

559,600,000

161,200,000

875,200,000

217,000,000

$473,307,000

$272,436,000

$161,200,000

$128,329,000

$127,780,000

Corn (Sweet)

Watermelon

Cucumbers

Squash

Cabbage

41,300

32,000

9,600

12,500

7,500

597,500,000

720,000,000

280,400,000

133,900,000

202,400,000

$106,825,000

$60,120,000

$56,029,000

$54,515,000

$26,270,000

Radishes

Eggplant

Escarole

Carrots

Blueberries

11,200

2,200

1,750

5,600

1,200

50,200,000

56,100,000

35,700,000

70,000,000

2,000,000

$18,816,000

$15,842,000

$11,841,000

$11,340,000

$6,240,000

Others

48,000

768,000,000

$149,760,000

Total

314,450

6,109,300,000

$1,680,650,000


Vegetables Year-by-Year

Crop Year

Harvested Acres

Production (pounds)

Crop Value

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

314,450

332,600

351,100

358,100

373,529

6,109,300,000

6,676,700,000

6,616,500,000

6,732,000,000

7,295,900,000

$1,680,650,000

$1,607,758,000

$1,506,721,000

$1,511,713,000

$1,581,948,000

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

379,655

379,655

356,910

367,380

404,650

6,829,500,000

7,443,705,000

6,278,700,000 6,579,400,000

6,646,100,000

$1,775,502,000

$1,785,509,000

$1,653,912,000

$1,331,535,000

$1,591,111,000

1979-80

1969-70

1959-60

397,100

265,100

279,550

5,575,400,000

2,923,700,000

2,996,300,000

$788,890,000

$199,639,000

$134,408,000

Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service

Carrots Carrots

Crop Year

Harvested Acres

Yield (cwt)

Production (cwt)

Value (cwt)

Crop Value

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

5,600

7,600

5,600

5,800

7,700

125

160

150

140

115

700,000

1,216,000

840,000

812,000

886,000

$ 16.20

$13.60

$14.90

$20.90

$12.70

$11,340,000

$16,538,000

$12,516,000

$16,971,000

$11,252,000

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

7,800

9,000

9,000

7,200

9,400

170

145

115

150

100

1,325,000

1,305,000

1,035,000

1,080,000

940,000

$16.90

$15.50

$21.80

$16.30

$16.00

$22,409,000

$20,228,000

$22,563,000

$17,604,000

$15,040,000

CWT=100 pounds

Eggplant Production and Value Eggplant

Crop Year

Harvested Acres

Yield (bushel)

Production (bushel)

Value (bushel)

Crop Value

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

2,200

2,400

2,400

2,300

2,400

773

707

639

652

834

1,700,000

1,696,000

1,533,000

1,500,000

2,001,000

$9.32

$8.63

$9.02

$9.00

$9.35

$15,842,000

$14,629,000

$13,828,000

$13,500,000

$18,717,000

1992-93

1991-92

1990-91

1989-90

1988-89

2,000

2,440

1,950

1,950

2,000

737

853

806

815

810

1,474,000

2,174,000

1,571,000

1,589,000

1,619,000

$7.57

$7.91

$8.26

$8.52

$7.05

$11,164,000

$17,186,000

$12,974,000

$13,537,000

$11,413,000

Bushel = 33 pounds

Escarole Production and Value

Crop Year

Harvested Acres

Yield (crate)

Production (crate)

Value (crate)

Crop Value

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

1992-93

1,750

1,600

2,300

1,600

2,600

2,500

816

728

597

694

437

468

1,428,000

1,164,000

1,373,000

1,111,000

1,136,000

1,169,000

$8.29

$5.97

$4.70

$10.10

$5.20

$6.73

$11,841,000

$6,946,000

$6,449,000

$11,223,000

$5,991,000

$7,872,000

Crate = 25 pounds
Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service


Radishes Radishes

Crop Year

Harvested Acres

Yield (crate)

Production (crate)

Value (crate)

Crop Value

1997-98

1996-97

1995-96

1994-95

1993-94

11,200

11,300

12,400

15,700

17,400

299

340

390

256

273

3,348,000

3,842,000

4,836,000

4,019,000

4,750,000

$5.62

$4.95

$4.14

$5.94

$4.45

$18,816,000

$19,018,000

$20,021,000

$23,873,000

$25,888,000

Crate = 15 pounds
Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service


Vegetable Planting and Harvesting Dates

Crop

Planting Dates

Usual Harvesting Dates

Begin

Most Active

End

Beans

Snap

August 15 - April 1 October 15 November 1 - May 1 June 15
Cabbage September 1 - March 15 October 25 January 1 - April 15 June 15
Carrots August 15 - February 15 November 1 December 15 - May 25 June 10
Cantaloupes January 15 - March 15 March 10 May 15 - June 20 July 10
Cauliflower September 15 - January 1 December 15 January 1 - March 15 April 15
Celery August 1 - April 15 October 25 December 15 - June 1 July 10
Chinese Cabbage September 1 - April 1 October 20 November 15 - May 15 June 1
Sweet Corn July 25 - May 10 September 25 November 15 - June 15 July 15
Cucumbers August 1 - April 1 September 20 November 1- December 15

April 20 - June 1

July 1
Eggplant July 15 - April 1 October 1 November 15 - May 25 August 1
Escarole / Endive August 25 - April 1 October 20 November 15 - May 25 June 1
Lettuce, Romaine August 25 - April 1 October 20 December 1 - May 1 June 1
Parsley August 25 - April 1 October 20 November 15 - May 25 June 1
Green Peppers August 1 - March 15 October 20 November 15 - June 15 July 1
Potatoes September 15 - March 1 December 26 February 1 - June 1 July 1
Radishes September 1 - May 15 September 20 November 15 - May 1 June 15
Spinach November 1 - January 1 January 15 February 1 - March 1 March 15
Squash August 15 - April 1 September 1 November 15 - May 15 July 1
Strawberries October 1 - November 15 December 15 February 1 - April 1 May 15
Tomatoes August 1 - March 15 October 15 November 15 - June 1 July 1
Watermelons December 15 - April 1 April 1 May 1 - July 1 July 15


Florida State Vegetable Markets

Markets

Address

Manager/Telephone

Arcadia Farmers Market P.O. Box 1418
Arcadia, Florida 33821
Diana Durrance
(863) 773-9850
Bonifay Farmers Market P.O. Box 716, Highway 90
Bonifay, Florida 32425
Jim Warner
(850) 547-2540
Florida City Farmers Market 300 North Krome Avenue
Florida City, Florida 33034
Paul Caldwell
(305) 246-6334
Fort Myers Farmers Market 2744 Edison Avenue
Fort Myers, Florida 33916
Clad Brockett
(941) 332-6910
Fort Pierce Farmers Market 3479 South Federal Highway
Fort Pierce, Florida 34982
Pete Serra
(561) 468-3917
Gadsden Farmers Market 18212 Blue Star Highway
Quincy, Florida 32351
Jim Warner
(850) 627-6484
Immokalee Farmers Market 424 New Market Road
Immokalee, Florida 34142
Jerry Hubbart
(941) 658-3505
Palatka Farmers Market 225 Highway 17 South
East Palatka, Florida 32131
Terry Driggers
(904) 329-3713
Plant City Farmers Market 1305 W. Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard, Suite #5
Plant City, Florida 33566
Melton Godwin
(813) 757-9027
Pompano Farmers Market 1255 West Atlantic Blvd.
Pompano Beach, Florida 33069
Alfonso Castro
(954) 786-4828
Sanford Farmers Market 1300-1A South French Avenue
Sanford, Florida 32771
Peter Hirst
(407) 330-6783
Starke Farmers Market 2222 North Temple Highway
Starke, Florida 32091
Terry Driggers
(904) 329-3713
Suwannee Valley Farmers Market 2758 County Road 136
White Springs, Florida 32096
Terry Driggers
(904) 963-5903
Trenton Farmers Market 830 NE State Road 47
Trenton, Florida 32693
Terry Driggers
(904) 963-5903
Wauchula Farmers Market 661 South 6th Avenue
Wauchula, Florida 33873
Diana Durrance
(863) 773-9850

Visit the Florida State Farmers' Markets web site


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