Are we in a drought? Could there be a flood? Ask a climatologist. Climatologists study climate change, climate variability, and the biosphere. Some use computer software to predict the effect of weather or climate on the growth and development of grain, vegetables, fruit, and other crops.
Climatologists work for state and federal governments as weather station network supervisors, computer programmers, and supervisors of climate data publications. Some are private consultants, providing tailored reports and expert advice or testimony for clients. Climatologists at universities teach climate courses, participate in multi-disciplinary extension activities, and conduct independent research.
To be a research climatologist, you need a strong background in math and physics. For most jobs you need a master's or doctoral degree. Courses in meteorology and climatology, as well as courses in agricultural, biological, computer, or natural sciences are part of the graduate course work. You need broad educational experience, because the users of climate information come from varied backgrounds.
In high school, take classes in mathematics, biology, physics, and computer science. Courses like economics, speech, and chemistry also will help.
-- Kenneth G. Hubbard, University of Nebraska, Lincoln